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How to Make Disinfectants and Hand Sanitizers at Home Easy and Cheap

How to Make a Home Disinfectant and Hand Sanitizer The Covid-19 outbreak in Indonesia and even the world has made people more vigilant to protect the body from virus attacks that mess up activities in various fields. One way of protection is to clean yourself and objects using a disinfectant and clean your hands using a Hand Sanitizer. Both materials are now starting to be difficult to obtain and the price has skyrocketed.

Basically, we can protect ourselves by keeping our distance or Social Distancing and always cleaning our hands with soap. But of course, humans want to be able to take care of their bodies better with what they think is more powerful. In the midst of the scarcity of Disinfectants and Hand Sanitizers, you can try to make both independently at home. This has also been conveyed by health activists and has been widely published.

How to make Disinfectants Easily According to WHO Recommendations

How to Make a Home Disinfectant 1

First for those of you who want to try to make an easy disinfectant at home, you can follow the steps we have summarized below. We summarize each of these steps based on the source of answers from Alodokter. Based on the sources we got, the Doctor who answered someone’s question asking is it safe to make a disinfectant using laundry bleach or floor cleaner? The doctor answered that there were two ingredients recommended by WHO, namely ethanol and sodium hypochlorite (bleach).

To make a disinfectant at home with these two ingredients, you can see some reference measurements of several ingredients that you can use. Here are some references:

  1. First you can use 5 percent Sodium hypochlorite or clothes bleach in a ratio of 1:100, which means use 1 part bleach for 99 cold tap water. It should be noted is the content in the bleach, if the bleach only contains 2.5 percent sodium hypochlorite, you should use it more than 2 times with 98 parts water.
  2. In addition, you can use carbolic acid or pine oil as a disinfectant, this is a floor cleaning liquid that you can get in stores and sealed mini markets. The trick is to cover 10 bottles of floor cleaning fluid with 1 liter of water. It will get 0.5 percent active ingredients
  3. Or you can make a disinfectant by using 1 bottle cap of floor cleaner with 5 liters of water.

In addition, the doctor who answered the question also said things that need to be considered before making your own disinfectant. that is;

  • Make sure it’s in accordance with the dose
  • Not past the expiration date
  • And don’t mix it with ammonia or other cleaners

To be able to make a home disinfectant easily, you can buy the ingredients described above at various stores and even at the mini market closest to your home, because these ingredients are products for cleaning that you usually use at home.

The recommended type of disinfectant is to use bleach with sodium hypochlorite or carbolic acid containing benzalkonium chloride.

But before you make your own disinfectant at home, make sure you know that the bleach can cause irritation and damage to the skin. In addition, the use of the wrong liquid bleach can also cause steam that is at risk of being fatal. For this reason, it is very important to mix bleach with water to produce a household disinfectant that is safer to use. Make sure you don’t mix other chemicals as they can be dangerous.

Here are the steps on how to make a home disinfectant to kill germs and the Covid-19 virus. This method is reported from the kompas.com page.

Prepare the equipment in advance:

  • Prepare a spray bottle made of glass and equipped with a lid
  • Measuring cup
  • Rubber gloves
  • N95 mask or can use another thick mask

While the materials needed to make a home disinfectant

  • 2 tablespoons or 30ml of bleach (this is for 1 liter of water) or you can use 2 tablespoons or 30ml of carbolic acid for 1 liter of water.
  • Clean water

How to Make and Use a Home Disinfectant Safely

  1. First, carefully pour the bleach or carbolic acid into a glass bottle first.
  2. Then add clean water and stir until evenly mixed.
  3. After that close the glass bottle tightly and shake gently until the carbolic or bleach mixture is evenly mixed.
  4. After mixing the liquid at home, you can transfer it to a spray bottle to make it easier to use.
  5. This disinfectant liquid can only be used for inanimate objects and in a well-ventilated room.

How to make sure you read carefully how to make this homemade disinfectant so you don’t make the wrong one, because this is a chemical substance so don’t mess with what you make, okay?

How to Make Hand Sanitizer at Home Easily

How to Make a Home Hand Sanitizer

In addition to making disinfectant to be sprayed so that the virus will die, you can also make hand sanitizer at home easily. Nowadays hand sanitizer is very difficult to get, once there is a price that is quite high. But of course there is a solution, instead of buying it at an expensive price, you can easily make your own hand sanitizer at home. For that you can follow every step to make your own hand sanitizer at home.

But you need to pay attention, hand sanitizer is not for continuous use, this is only used if you have difficulty finding clean water to wash your hands. And what needs to be noted is that the hand sanitizers sold in the market have received certification from the Food and Drug Administration (BPOM), while those that will be made do not have them, so you need to pay attention to their use.

But because of the scarcity of hand sanitizers, we will provide a summary of how to make hand sanitizer at home that is in accordance with what is recommended by WHO. Reported directly from the CDC page, the following is how to make hand sanitizer at home. For additional information, hand sanitizer can function well if it has an alcohol content of 60 percent.

WHO recommends two formulas for making hand sanitizers, namely using glycerol and ethanol. This glycerol functions as a humectant (maintain moisture) of the skin, which is then mixed with hydrogen peroxide which functions to overcome contaminated bacteria.

Meanwhile, WHO also recommends the use of ethanol. You need to pay attention to how to make the hand sanitizer, because it will make chemicals.

Here are the ingredients for making hand sanitizer from two formulas recommended by WHO;

Information: These materials are used to make 10 Liter Hand Sanitizer

Formula 1: Making Hand Sanitizer Using Ethanol

  • Ethanol 96 percent about 8,333 ml
  • 3 percent hydrogen peroxide approx. 417 ml
  • Glycerol 98 percent about 145 ml
  • Distilled (distilled) water or cold boiled water

Formula 2: Making Hand Sanitizer Using Isopyl Alcohol

  • Isopyl alcohol 99.8 percent approx. 7.515 ml
  • 3 percent hydrogen peroxide approx. 417 ml
  • Glycerol 98 percent about 145 ml
  • Distilled (distilled) water or cold boiled water

If you have prepared the ingredients, also pay attention to the tools for making hand sanitizer. Here are the necessary tools;

  • 10 liter glass or plastic bottle with screw stopper (tighten cap)
  • Plastic jerry cans measuring 50 liters of polyethylene, which is see through to see the liquid level
  • Stainless steel tank with a capacity of 80-100 liters
  • Wooden, plastic or metal spoon for kneading the dough
  • Measuring tube
  • Measuring cup, plastic or metal funnel
  • 100 ml plastic bottle with leak-proof lid
  • 500 ml glass or plastic bottle with screw cap
  • Alcohol meter, temperature scale at the bottom and ethanol concentration (percentage v/v) at the top

How to make hand sanitizer according to WHO standards:

  • First you prepare 10 10 liter glass or plastic bottles with screw caps.
  • Select the formula you want to make according to the dose into the jerry can. (You can choose formula 1 or formula 2)
  • Add hydrogen peroxide to the jerry can.
  • Add glycerol to the jerry can. Glycerol has a thick and sticky nature to the measuring cup.
  • Clean the measuring cup with distilled or boiled water.
  • Pour into a jerry can of about 10 liters, and add 1 liter of distilled water.
  • Stir until well blended.
  • Finally, immediately divide into 500 or 100 ml plastic bottles.

And let it sit for about 72 hours, the new home hand sanitizer can be used.

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ATTENTION

The thing to note, this hand sanitizer is only one alternative if you have trouble finding clean water to clean your hands. In essence, it is better for you to clean your hands with clean water and soap because it avoids exposure to chemicals. In addition, the use of hand sanitizers for a long time will make the skin experience health problems such as dry skin and can even cause irritation and impaired muscle and heart function.

In addition, WHO also warned that the risk of spraying disinfectant on humans is flammable to poisoning. So don’t use a disinfectant that is made independently at home, okay?

We created this article from various sources including the tribunnews page, kompas and also liputan6 which refers to information referenced from WHO.

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