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It turns out that this animal blood is very important in making vaccines

It turns out that this animal blood is very important in making vaccines


Pikipo – Did you know that at this time, the animal that we are going to discuss is one of the most important animals because its blood is an important ingredient in making vaccines.

This animal is the Horseshoe Crab.

For those who don’t know about this interesting fact about the Horseshoe Crab, it is an ancient animal that has lived older than the dinosaurs. This Hwan has lived since more than 450 years ago.

Yes, you could say that this animal is an extraordinary living fossil because without us realizing that now this crab has saved millions of human lives through its role in vaccine injection testing.

If you’ve ever had a vaccine, chances are that it’s been tested with the blood of this horseshoe crab.

The blood of these crabs is bright blue and contains immune cells that are very sensitive to toxins. If these cells come into contact with invading bacteria, they will clump around them and protect the horseshoe crab’s body from poison attack.

Wow, this crab is a descendant of the king, because his blood is blue hehe.

It turns out that this animal blood is very important in making vaccines

Scientists have been taking the blue blood of this horseshoe crab since the 1970s, to test whether medical devices and intravenous drugs (drugs that enter the blood vessels) are safe to use.

There are four species of horseshoe crabs. Three of them live in Asia, around the coast of India, Vietnam, China, Borneo, and southern Japan. These are the spinal horseshoe crab (Tachypleus tridentatus), the coastal horseshoe crab (Tachypleus gigas) and the mangrove horseshoe crab (Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda). The fourth is the American horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus) that lives along the east coast of North America.

Blood from this Horseshoe Crab has a very expensive price, which is for one liter the price can reach US $ 15,000 (about Rp. 213 million).

Because of that, now many drug companies are saving the survival of these animals. One way is to save the eggs from the captured Horseshoe Crab and then raised in the hatchery so that the population is maintained.

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